AAP becomes B Team of Congress in womanizing techniques: Dead Caught AAP activist Chandra Mohan

AAP becomes B Team of Congress in womanizing techniques: Dead Caught AAP activist Chandra Mohan

After Womaniser Politicians of Congress Tharoor, Digvijay, N D Tiwari now
we find Caught AAP activist Chandra Mohan. In this love-Jihad process AAP
becomes B Team of Congress in womanizing techniques also.

You see queue for vote, for ration or for
getting ticket: Now Congress leaders and AAP activists are in queue for womanizing
techniques.

Media reported today Aam Aadmi Party
member Chandra Mohan Sharma, who was found ‘burnt to death’ in his car in
Greater Noida three months ago, has been caught alive. TV reports quoted Noida
Police as saying that Sharma, an RTI
activist
, was arrested from Bangalore.
The police said the burnt body found in the car was of someone else and have
now begun looking afresh at the case.

The arrest followed reports that the AAP
member had been spotted in Nepal. After receiving the inputs, the police had
sent teams to Karnataka as well as Nepal and its bordering areas to search for
the 38-year-old Sharma suspect he had staged his death.

A
report had quoted Sharma’s wife Savita as saying that the activist was
allegedly living with a woman. She, too, believed that the AAP member had faked
his death. According to Savita, the police tracked down Sharma after putting
his mobile on tracker.

Dubai based controversial Sunny Varkey
nearer to Tharoor and Bill Clinton
presented Sunanda Pushkar to Shashi Tharoor in Dubai. Who is Sunny Varkey? What
type of relation that womanizer has with mafias, IPL, ISI and India’s top
politicians? This matter discussed in my new book also which is in the press.

ND Tiwari former Vice President of All India Congress
married second time in the age of 89 years. There is no where about of Harish
Rawat’s first wife. Congress CM of Uttarakhand now married second time to
overlook his first wife. Rahul Gandhi should be asked about his Colimbian and
Spanish girl friends. Digvijay Singh is still awaiting the blessing of his guru
Shankaracharya Swarupanandji for marrying second time with AmritaJi who is 25
younger than his probable Husband General Secretary of Congress Party.

…………….contd

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16 ceasefire violations by Pakistani troops in nearly a fortnight and 18 this month: Defence Minister Jaitley

The Minister was replying to
queries about repeated ceasefire violations by Pakistan along the LoC and the
International Border on the sidelines of a function

“They
effectively respond to each violation and I have full faith and the country
must have full faith that they are effectively protecting both our territory
and national interest,” the Defence
Minister
said.

His
comments come on a day when Pakistani troops indulged in heavy “unprovoked”
shelling and firing on 22 border outposts and 13 villages, killing two
civilians and injuring six others including a BSF jawan along the International
Border in Jammu sector.

There have been 16 ceasefire
violations
by Pakistani troops in nearly a fortnight and 18 this month.

*

Pak proxy war besides
J&K also in Afghanistan

 

The Islamic world is in turmoil. The upheaval in
Arabia is spilling into the rest of the world, including India. In a number —
Libya, Tunisia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan — Muslims are
killing fellow Muslims. In fact, in the recent past, more Muslims have died at
the hands of their co-religionists as compared to those killed by non-Muslims.
Separatists’ Sympathiser -Muslims of Kashmir should learn lesson from this.
They should not fall in the grip of militancy which is being infiltrated by Pakistan.

 

As we
said in the starting of this chapter, Ajit Doval’s report on Hurriyat leaders’
meet with Pakistan envoy says that the idea was to unite the separatist groups
of Kashmir. This means that these groups will be united by Pakistan in Indian
soil and under the nose of Modi government. This is to aid the jihad call by ISIS that has activated Taliban groups and LeT.

Are
Muslim Shias are not being killed by Muslim Sunni in Iraq in the name of
Islamic Jiha? What is happening in Syria? In the name of Islamic Jihad the Al
Qaeda evokes Muslims of Kashmir via this video.

 

This
is knifed slap on the cheeks of the advocates of Article 370 in J&KNational
Conference (NC) and PDP
 should learn lesson from this bloody
development.

 

The Islamic world is in turmoil.
The upheaval in Arabia is spilling into the rest of the world, including India.
In a number — Libya, Tunisia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan —
Muslims are killing fellow Muslims. In fact, in the recent past, more Muslims
have died at the hands of their co-religionists as compared to those killed by
non-Muslims. .

…………….contd

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Converted Hindu Teesta girl friend of Sonia spreads hate non-stop against Hindu Hinduism

Tags: Converted Hindu, Converted Teesta, Girl friend of Sonia, Non-stop hate, Hindu Hinduism, Tweets, ISIS, Christian Sonia Gandhi,  Cyber crime

Tweets:

Rahul Roushan @rahulroushan I’m for free speech. A bad photoshop deserves bad photoshop. Here is Teesta Setalvad after seeing some Hindus

Gappistan Radio @GappistanRadio After reading Teesta Setalvad’s tweet, even Al Baghdadi went “WTF are you smoking bro?”

Gappistan Radio @GappistanRadioHehe people saying ignore Teesta else she will get publicity.. Don’t call out her hate because she will get publicity? Not gonna happen…

Prasanto K Roy @prasanto OK, so the entire rightwing troll brigade will be totally busy with @teestasetalvad for the rest of the weekend https://twitter.com/teestasetalvad/status/502713392738467840 

rupa subramanya @rupasubramanya Dumb and offensive to compare a Hindu deity beheading someone in a myth with ISIS beheading a human being in real life. Disgusting.  Dear Hindus who are rightly outraged at Teesta’s insulting depiction.Outrage but don’t call for her arrest.This kind of extremism is harmful

Priyanka Chaturvedi        ? @priyankac19 Invoking Hindu gods to make a point about ISIS is uncalled for and excessive. Uncalled for provocation from Teesta. 

shilpi tewari @shilpitewari Get urself a doctor .. u r a prime example of the mental state of ur entire group “@TeestaSetalvad: Chilling Reality http://twitter.com/TeestaSetalvad/status/502713392738467840/photo/1pic.twitter.com/yK3Kw9wiPD ” 

MediaCrooks ?@mediacrooks  7h Halim? Who the hell is that? The only Haleem I know is what @SagarikaGhose & @SardesaiRajdeep eat at Owaisi’s home..

Converted Hindu Teesta girl friend of Sonia spreads hate non-stop against Hindu Hinduism

Converted Hindu Teesta Setalvad married to jihadi thinker muslim was clouded in controversy on Friday with a tweet. She tweeted a photoshopped picture comparing of the Hindu goddess Kali with the ISIS terrorist. For these type of anti-Hindu acts, Teesta has received ‘Sadbhavana’ award from Christian Sonia Gandhi.

The image, which she tweeted on Friday afternoon, juxtaposed a picture of the deceased American journalist James Foley just before his beheading by an ISIS member, against a religious image. The text of the tweet read, “Chilling reality”, ostensibly to draw a parallel between different kinds of religious extremism.

In the picture the ISIS terrorist is holding sudarshan chakra (spinning, disk-like weapon with 108 serrated edges used by the Hindu god Vishnu) and goddess Kali`s face is morphed by a terrorists face.  People on social media demanded the arrest of Teesta.

An online petition from one Prashant Kumar from Bangalore also surfaced, asking the Prime Minister’s Office to revoke the Padma Shri awarded to her in 2007. Others called for her arrest, saying she had committed an offence under the IT Act. “Invoking Hindu gods to make a point about ISIS is uncalled for and excessive. Uncalled for provocation from Teesta,” 

The Hindu reported:  Cyber Crime Cell of Goa Police on Saturday declined to register an FIR against activist Teesta Setalvad based on a complaint filed in on Friday against her for uploading an image of a Hindu goddess on a social networking site.

Rishi Bagree @rishibagree FIR filed at Bhowaipore Police station Kolkata against for hurting Religious and sentiments against .@TeestaSetalvad pic.twitter.com/FtABVLOWWP 

Difference between Full and Half mad

Half mad are more dangerous than full mad. You can send full mad to Agra. But half mad will move freely to disturb the people. Like that Full Christians or full Muslims are less dangerous than the Half Christians and Half Muslims such as Preeti Bansal chairs “The US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), Sonia Gandhi, converted Teesta Seelalvad, Ambika Soni and latest example of Preet Bharar etc. They are spreading hate against Hindus and Hinduism. They are with Hindu name, make up and dress. So people can’t judge their decisive intention.

Sonia’s ‘Sadbhavna’ award to Anti-Hindus: Sonia’s ‘Sadbhavna’ award is for spreading ‘Durbhavna (hate)’. This awrd is given to Hindu haters such as Teesta Sitalwad and Swami Agnivesh. 

Sonia Gandhi said at London in the function organized by a Muslim organization related to the brother of Osama Bin Laden that NDA Govt. was governed by Hindu fundamentalists. Defamed in Gujarat Teesta Seetalvad guided Sonia at that function when Sonia was spreading falsehood against Hindus in her lecture in the Mulstim Conference related to the brother of Osama Bin laden. Sonia Gandhi was advised there for not using Jihad word because it would be linked to Islamist terrorists.

Teesta is linked with Zakia Jafri whose plea is just rejected by Ahmedabad court.

Here it should be noted that his property Minority Commission has awarded Kandhmal Priest for his efforts to convert tribal in to the Christianity? This Minority Commission has also awarded Teesta for her move againstGujarat government.

Rupesh singh ?@rupeshSingh10  48m Togadia said a Line & Secularism of India was in Great Danger but see this Tweet of Teesta Setalvad & Nothing Happen pic.twitter.com/Rukk6reyf7

…………….contd

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Now India today survey poured water on the hopes of Sonia, Rahul and Priyanka

Now India today survey poured
water on the hopes of Sonia, Rahul and Priyanka

India Today Group’s
editor-in-chief Shekhar Gupta said that this opinion poll should be able to
determine “how long does the new government’s honeymoon period continue is
it being sustained and when does anti-incumbency begin to set in”. The
survey was conducted by Hansa in association with the India Today Group between
3 and 14 August across 108 constituencies in 29 states and 3 Union Territories
of India. A total of 12,430 were asked the questions in face-to-face
interviews.

60% thought Priyanka should not replace Rahul Gandhi, the same percentage of
respondents thought that Rahul’s style
of politics
did not work. Also 50% of the respondents said the Congress had no chance of a revival in
the next five years and 38% were of the opinion that the party did have chances
of making a comeback.

When asked to rate PM Modi’s performance in the last few
months the results were only positive with 51% of the respondents saying it was
good, 10% thought it was excellent, 28% of the respondents called it average
and only 6% were of the opinion that he did a poor job.

Though corruption and price rise were the two major issues that Modi
campaigned on, most people thought it should be poverty that he should
concentrate on with 23% of the people choosing the option over corruption (22%)
and price rise (18%).

Meanwhile, even though Modi
received a clear majority many parties, including the Congress, have said it
was because of religious polarisation.
But the survey reflected otherwise. When asked what PM Modi representexd 46%
chose development, 24% said good governance and only 4% said communal
intolerance.

Only 21% of the respondents
thought Modi’s landslide victory was a result of religious polarisation and 70%
thought it was a mandate for development. When asked if Modi’s win had
encouraged communal forces, 61% said no and 31% said yes.

Most respondents also
thought that Modi won’t buckle under RSS
pressure
with 47% saying he would be ‘his own man’ and 12% saying he would
be ‘remote controlled’ by the right-wing outfit.

Related article:

Modi phobia even reaches J&K. In J&K Congress leaders there
become saffron:  

Why can’t a Hindu be CM in J&K?’ Congress minister
should ask Italian Origin Sonia Gandhi

Voters boycott Congress vs Skipping PM’s functions by
Congress CMs

…………….contd

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Voters boycott Congress vs Skipping PM’s functions by Congress CMs

Voters boycott Congress vs Skipping
PM’s functions by Congress CMs

Skipping PM’s functions by Congress
CMs should be called pre-exercise of them. They predict their defeat in coming
assembly election.  They are anxious to
rule from backdoor as mother and son ruled 10 years.

First Post reported today:
Congress president Sonia Gandhi, all her chief ministers and her office-bearers
all need to go and re-watch Ramesh Sippy’s blockbuster Sholay with its iconic
one-liner Jo darr gaya, samjho mar gaya (He who is afraid, is dead).

Instead of fighting back or
as one leader suggested, paying the BJP back in its own coin by renting a
crowd, the 129-year old party has allowed itself to be almost paralysed by a
fear factor that goes by the name of Narendra
Modi
. In its latest evidence of this, the party has advised its chief
ministers not to share the dais with the new Prime Minister after what he did to its satraps.

Accordingly, Maharashtra
Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan decided to keep away from Modi’s function
which involved a bhoomi pujan of a Metro project at Nagpur, Maharashtra’s
second capital.

 “What happened at Solapur was unfortunate… We
have taken a decision to skip the function at Nagpur,” Chavan was quoted
saying, as he alleged that the country’s federal structure has been undermined
at the programmes organized in Congress-ruled states.

A similar scene was enacted
in Haryana during the foundation stone laying function of a highway project in
Kaithal on 19 August. When the two-term Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda
stood up to speak, he was hooted and greeted with anti-Congress slogans that
contrasted with the rousing pro-Modi chants.

Not surprisingly, a fuming
Hooda vowed that once was more than enough and he would not share the stage
with Modi again.

*

Modi phobia even reaches J&K. In J&K Congress leaders there
become saffron.

Why can’t a Hindu be CM in J&K?’ Congress minister
should ask Italian Origin Sonia Gandhi

…………….contd

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‘Why can’t a Hindu be CM in J&K?’ Congress minister should ask Italian Origin Sonia Gandhi

‘Why can’t a Hindu be CM in J&K?’ Congress minister should ask Italian Origin Sonia Gandhi

TOI reported: A
minister in the NC-Congress coalition government in Jammu & Kashmir has
done what the Congress usually accuses the BJP of doing, playing to the Hindu
right wing gallery.

Addressing a Youth
Congress workers ‘sadhbhavana’ rally to mark the birth anniversary of late
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi at Akhnoor town, senior Congress leader and
minister for public health engineering (PHE), irrigation and flood control,
Sham Lal Sharma asked, “If Ghani Khan Choudhary could become chief
minister of Hindu majority West Bengal and Abdul Rehman Antuley of Maharashtra
where Muslim population is merely two percent, why can’t a Hindu lead Jammu
Kashmir and become chief minister of our state?”

Since 1947, Jammu
& Kashmir, the only Muslim majority state in India, has only had Muslim
chief ministers.

Amid big applaud
from the crowd, the minister on Wednesday also cited the example of former
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and four Muslim Presidents of India, who belonged
to the minority community but rose to the top positions in the country.

“If our
approach is secular and we don’t discriminate with anyone on the basis of
religion, then what is the problem if a minority Hindu leads the Muslim
majority Jammu & Kashmir?” he asked.”You must fight for a Hindu
chief minister for the state. You should also raise your voice for a regional
council for Jammu region,” he asserted.

This was not for
the first time when Sham Lal Sharma flared up regional passions. But to use the
Hindu religious card in politics is unprecedented in the history of the
Congress in Jammu & Kashmir.

Sham Lal also expressed
his resentment over meagre representation of Jammuites in the government and
asked how Jammu region could get justice when out of 7000 employees in the
state civil secretariat, only 200 belonged to Jammu.

Since
independence of India, J&K ruled by Congress of Nehru-Gandhi dynasty with
the support of Sheikh Abdullah dynasty. Shyam Lal should ask his party’s high
command for the injustice done to the Jammu region.

*

The following few lines are taken from my book in the press titled “The
Accursed: Tri-Curse ISI, IPL and Art 370”:

Super
State vs Separate State

Should Article 370 be removed for
strengthening the Federal System of India?

Parties Congress, National Conference (NC)
and PDP wash off their sins by talking about the magic potion of secularism and
in J&K, it is Article 370 of the Constitution. Voters of J & K punished
them to make BJP No. 1 party in this state. People’s Democratic Party (PDP) of
Mehbooba Mufti and the BJP won three seats each, routing the National
Conference or Omar Abdullah and the Congress in the Lok Sabha election 2014.

-Atal Bihari Vajpayee gave three mantras —
Insaniyat, Jammuriyat, Kashmiriyat.
He asked to walk on that path.

-Jammu and Kashmir is not a beggar state. Its
community is ready to die for the nation.

-The leaders are mostly abroad. They neither
the state’s summers nor winters

-Atal Bihari Vajpayee showed the way that
J&K must be made a super state.

-In the name of separate state, Congress
encouraged separatism. Would have been better if they focused in creating a
super state

…………….contd

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Separatists’ will be united by Pakistan in Indian soil and under the nose of Modi government: Ajit Doval

Separatists’ will be united by Pakistan in Indian soil
and under the nose of Modi government: Ajit Doval

 

 

Indian Prime Minister Modi is likely to put Hurriyat leaders under house
detention in Kashmir after Pakistan
announced that it did not need permission to meet leaders from a place they
considered as not part of India. Ajit
Doval’s
report on Hurriyat leaders’ meet with Pakistan envoy says that the
idea was to unite the separatist groups of Kashmir. This means that these
groups will be united by Pakistan in Indian soil and under the nose of Modi
government. This is to aid the jihad call by ISIS that has activated Taliban
groups and LeT.

 

How
did Sunanda Pushkar mysterious death
link to Article 370?

 

Due
to Article 370 Kashmir is still undeveloped. Still the Kashmirs can’t mix
themselves in the main stream of India because of the special status of article
370. Due to this 370 article they psychologically think them other than the
rest of India. ISI use this sentiment against India to evoke Kashmiris. Now Pakistan Govt openly is doing this.

 

ISI and Pakistan give never attention
toward the common people of Pakistan:

https://twitter.com/MehrTarar

Mehr
Tarar @MehrTarar

Pakistan
sambhala jaa nahin raha, Kashmir ka naara yaad hai. FATA, Balochistan,KP,
Karachi,& many other places in hell. Think abt them first
10:45 PM – 5 Feb 2014

 *

Did
Article 370 become also the reason for the mysterious death of Sunanda Pushkar?

Late
Sunanda Pushkar said Sec 370 ‘Anti-Women’
 

Shashi Tharoor’s wife, Sunanda Pushkar on Monday Dec 02 had tweeted that Article 370 was “totally unfair right
now’.’

 

The above few lines
are taken from my bo0k in the Press titled “The Accursed under curses ISI, IPL
& Art 370”

…………….contd

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U S should not be silent on Proxy War of Terrorism

U S should not be silent
on Proxy War of Terrorism

 

The United States has expressed regret over India calling off Foreign Secretary-level talks with
Pakistan. “It is unfortunate that planned talks between India and Pakistan
have been cancelled. Irrespective of why either side says the talks were
canceled, what matters now is that both sides take steps to improve their
bilateral relations. We’ve been very clear about that directly in conversations
with both,” the US State Department has said.
But why does U S remain
silent on proxy war of terrorism initiated by Pakistan against India?

 

“The neighbouring country has lost strength to fight a
conventional war but continues to engage in the proxy war of terrorism,” Prime
Minister Modi has already said during his first visit to the region since
taking office on 26 May.

“How many innocents are being killed? The
number of people getting killed through the bullets of cowards is more than
those killed in conventional wars,” Modi said. Stating terrorism was affecting
not just India but many countries across the world, Modi said: “That is why the
need of the hour is to have humanitarian forces come together than
strengthening one’s military might. When all humane forces of the world comes
together than they will stop those indulging in violence.”

 

Gone are the days when India’s repeated
warnings were used to be ignored. But that will be a matter of past now as Modi
Government is at the helm of affair who believes in theory that one must assert
for their own right. It has been proven fact now that Prime Minister Narendra Modi always keeps country’s interest above
all and recent examples are big proof of that. The new dispensation rejected
WTO’s Trade facilitation agreement, keeping in mind the larger interest of poor
of the country. Then assertion with some degree of aggression also came to the
fore on the matter of BRICS bank establishment and bringing back nurses from
strife torn Iraq.

 

Modi’s stern message to Pakistan Modi
Government’s simple message to neighboring countries is that we believe in maintaining
cordial relation but that is not owed to any type of weakness. It’s our
magnanimous gesture but don’t try to challenge our patience level again and
again. And Pakistan has done that only. India had warned Pakistani High Commissioner Abdul Basit not to hobnob with
separatist leaders ahead of Indo- Pakistan Foreign Secretaries talk, scheduled
for August 25. But Basit defy this advice of Indian counterpart and met with
separatist leaders Shabir Shah in New Delhi on Monday. Already angered and
aggrieved by repeated ceasefire violations at border, India took this bonhomie
as interference in internal matter and cancelled the upcoming talk. Around 50
border violation has been done by Pakistani troops in this year and that has
been increased since new Government took the power. Justifying the Indian
stand, MEA official Spokesperson Syed Akbaruddin said, “It was underlined
that the Pakistani High Commissioner’s meetings with these so-called leaders of
the Hurriyat undermine the
constructive diplomatic engagement initiated by Prime Minister Modi in May on
his very first day in office”.

…………….contd

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Sania Mirza vs Former C M of Punjab and Shashi Tharoor

Sania Mirza vs Former C M
of Punjab and Shashi Tharoor

Niticentral
reported:
Dr Laxman as a responsible leader of BJP in the State assembly,
touched upon several issues related to KCR Government’s various controversial
decisions, referred to KCR’s appeasement politics. At the end of it, about the
decision to make Sania Mirza Telangana’s
brand ambassador
. Here is what Laxman said (in rough translation) in his Press conference 23/07/2014:

 

“We
respect and feel proud of what Sania Mirza has achieved as a sports person who
brought laurels to the country. But you have made a person born in Maharashtra,
brought up in Hyderabad and is a daughter in law of Pakistan –as a brand
ambassador of Hyderabad. Especially in the context of your recent rule that
only people who have their ancestor origins in Telangana before 1956 are
eligible for education scholarships, aren’t these double standards?”

Dr Laxman also referred to Sania Mirza’s refusal to hold
the Indian flag during 2012 Olympics.

Sania ‘disrespects’ tri-colour
Zeenews
reported
: In January 2008, a case was filed against Sania in a court for
allegedly disrespecting the national flag. The case was filed in the Chief
Judicial Magistrate (CJM) court under Section 2 of the Prevention of Insult to
the National Honour Act of 1971 by a local resident. The complainant alleged
that Mirza had disrespected the national Tricolour by putting her feet towards
the flag during a function whose reports were carried in newspapers. 

(Source: Zee News of July 24, 2014)

 

Former C M of Punjab and Tharoor tnought to marry with
Paki ISI agents: Sania vs Sania

News came about the love affairs of Capt
Amrinder Singh
 with ISI linked Pakistani journalist Aroosa Alam (ISI
agent) mother of popular Pakistani actor and singer Fakhar-e-Alam and daughter
of notorious “General Rani” who was Yahya Khan’s mistress and later
in jelousy house arrested by. J.A. Bhutto. Now news comes: Shashi
Tharoor
 alias Minister Tweeter was going to marry
with Pakistani Journalist alleged ISI agent.

Romance in Dubai then tweets, wanted marriage fourth
time with Mehr Tarar as deceived Canadian wife Christa Giles for Sunanda. If
this could happen then this would not be compared to the marriage of Tennis star Sania Mirza with 
Pakistani cricketer Shoaib Malikif he was not ISI
agent“On Monday July 21, Telangana chief minister K
Chandrasekhara Rao made Sania the brand ambassador of the state and gave her Rs
one crore as expenses towards preparation for the forthcoming US Open. A bit
upset after the government ignored her Saina tweeted “#I am very hurt and
sad that I have still not received the cash award from my state for the Olympic
bronze medal that I won for my country#.”

…………….contd

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SUPREME COURT ON HINDU HINDUTVA AND HINDUISM

????????????????????????? : Read 27 Poems of Atal Bihari Vajpayee:Ji

www.shoppingkendra.com/

India is a Hindu Nation: What SC said, what Lalu says?

Tags: India is a Hindu Nation, Supreme Court on Hinduism, Lalu fodder eater, Cow fodder eater

India is a Hindu
Nation: What SC said: Supreme Court on Hindu Hindutva and Hinduism

What Lalu says?

 

Here I write what
Supreme Court verdict on Hindutva.
s. But cows’ fodder eater
Lalu thinks differently.

 

(1)

RSS
chief Mohan Bhagwat today said India is a Hindu nation and Hindutva is its
identity.

“Hindustan is a Hindu nation…Hindutva is the identity of
our nation and it (Hinduism) can incorporate others (religions) in
itself,” he said.

Last week, Bhagwat had said in Cuttack, “The cultural
identity of all Indians is Hindutva and the present inhabitants of the country
are descendants of this great culture.”

If inhabitants of England are English, Germany are Germans and USA
are Americans then why all inhabitants of Hindustan are not known as Hindus, he
had posed.

 

(3)

 

SUPREME COURT ON
HINDU HINDUTVA AND HINDUISM  

 

           

By Premendra Agrawal

 

 

           

JUDGMENT : J. S.
Verma J:

 

MEANING OF `HINDUTVA’
AND `HINDUISM’

    The next contention relates to the meaning
of Hindutva and Hinduism and the effect of the use of these expressions in the
election speeches.

We have already
indicated the meaning of sub-section (3) of Section 123 of the R.P. Act and the
limit of its operation. It may be said straightaway that any speech wherein
these expressions are used, irrespective of their meaning, cannot by itself
fall within the ambit of sub-section (3) of Section 123, unless the speech can
be construed as an appeal to vote for a candidate on the ground that he is
Hindu or to refrain from voting for a candidate on the ground of his religion,
i.e., he not being a Hindu. We have also indicated that mere reference to any
religion In an election speech does not bring it within the net of sub-section
(3) and/or sub-section (3A) of Section 123, since reference can be made to any
religion in the context of secularism or to criticise any political party for
practising discrimination against any religious group or generally for
preservation of the Indian culture.In short, mere use of the word Hindutva or
Hinduism or mention of any other religion In an election speech does not bring
it within the net of sub-section (3) and/or sub-section (3A) of Section 123,
unless the further elements indicated are also present in that speech. It Is
also necessary to see the meaning and purport of the speech and the manner in
which it was likely to be understood by the audience to which the speech was
addressed. These words are not to be construed in the abstract, when used in an
election speech.

            Both sides referred copiously to
the meaning of the words Hindutva and Hinduism with reference to several
writings. Shri Jethmalani referred to them for the purpose of indicating the
several meanings of these words and to emphasise that the word Hindutva relates
to Indian culture based on the geographical division known as Hindustan , i.e.,
India . On the other hand, Shri Ashok Desai emphasised that the term Hindutva
used in election speeches is an emphasis on Hindu religion bearing no relation
to the fact that India is also known as Hindustan , and the term can relate to
Indian culture.

The Constitution
Bench in Sastri Yajnapurushadasji and Others Vs. Muldas Bhudardas Vaishya and Another,
1996 (3) SCR 242 held thus:

“Who are Hindus
and what are the broad features of Hindu religion, that must be the first part
of our enquiry in dealing with the present controversy between the parties. The
historical and etymological genesis of the word Hindu has given rise to a
controversy amongst Indologists; but the view generally accepted by scholars
appears to be that the word Hindu is derived from the river Sindhu otherwise
known as Indus which flows from the Punjab . That part of the great Aryan race,
says Monier Williams, “which immigrated from Central Asia , through the
mountain passes into India , settled first in the districts near the river
Sindhu (now called the Indus ). The Persians pronounced this word Hindu and
named their Aryan brethren Hindus. The Greeks, who probably gained their first
ideas of India from the Persians, dropped the hard aspirate, and called the
Hindus Indoi.” ( Hinduism by Monier Williams, P. 1)

The Encyclopedia of
Religion and Ethics, Vol. VI, has described Hinduism as the title applied to
that form of religion which prevails among the vast majority of the present
population of the Indian Empire (P. 686). As Dr. Radhakrishnan has observed: “The
Hindu civilization is so called, since its original founders or earliest
followers occupied the territory drained by the Sindhu (the Indus ) river
system corresponding to the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab . This
is recorded in the Pig Veda, the oldest of the Vedas, the Hindu scriptures
which give their name to this period of Indian history, The people on the
Indian side of the Sindhu were called Hindu by the Persian and the later
western invaders” ( The Hindu View of Life by Dr. Radhakrishnan, p. 12).
That is the genesis of the word Hindu.

 

Then we think of the
Hindu religion, we find it difficult, if not impossible. to define Hindu
religion or even adequately describe it. Unlike other religions in the world,
the Hindu religion does not claim any one prophet; it does not worship any one
God: it does not subscribe to any one dogma: it does not believe in any one
philosophic concept: it does not follow any one set of religious rites or
performances; in fact, it does not appear to satisfy the narrow traditional
features of any religion or creed. It may broadly be described as a way of life
and nothing more.

It had originally a
territorial and not a cradle significance. It implied residence in a
well-defined geographical area. Aboriginal tribes, savage and half-civilized
people, the cultured Dravidians and the Vedic Aryans were all Hindus as they
were the sons of the same mother. The Hindu thinkers reckoned with the striking
fact that the men and women dwelling in India belonged to different communities,
worshipped different gods, and practised different rites (Kurma Purana) (Ibid
p. 12).

Monier Williams has
observed that “it must be borne in mind that Hinduism is far more than a
mere form of theism resting on Brahmanism. It presents for our investigation a
complex congeries of creeds and doctrines which in its gradual accumulation may
be compared to the gathering together of the mighty volume of the Ganges,
swollen by a continual influx of tributary rivers and rivulets, spreading
itself over an ever-increasing area of country and finally resolving itself
into an intricate Delta of tortuous streams and jungly marshes… The Hindu
religion is a reflection of the Composite character of the Hindus, who are not
one people but many. It is based on the idea of universal receptivity. It has
ever aimed at accommodating itself to circumstances and has carried on the
process of adaptation through more than three thousand years. It has first
borne with and then, so to speak, swallowed, digested, and assimilated something
from all creeds”. ( Religious Thought & Life in India by Monier
Williams, P. 57)

We have already
indicated that the usual tests which can be applied in relation to any
recognised religion or religious creed in the world turn out to be inadequate
in dealing with the problem of Hindu religion. Normally, any recognised
religion or religious creed subscribes to a body of set philosophic concepts
and theological beliefs. Does this test apply to the Hindu religion? In
answering this question, we would base ourselves mainly on the exposition of
the problem by Dr. Radhakrishnan in his work on Indian philosophy. ( Indian
Philosophy by Dr. Radhakrishnan, Vol. I, pp. 22-23). Unlike other countries,
India can claim that philosophy in ancient India was not an auxiliary to any
other science or art, but always held a prominent position of independence…
“In all the fleeting centuries of history”, says Dr. Radhakrishnan,
“in all the vicissitudes through which India has passed, a certain marked
identity is visible. It has held fast to certain psychological traits which
constitute its special heritage, and they will be the characteristic marks of
the Indian people so long as they are privileged to have a separate
existence” . The history of Indian thought emphatically brings out the
fact that the development of Hindu religion has always been inspired by an
endless quest of the mind for truth based on the consciousness that truth has
many facets: Truth is one but wise men describe it differently. (…) The
Indian mind has, consistently through the ages, been exercised over the problem
of the nature of godhead, the problem that faces the spirit at the end of life,
and the interrelation between the individual and the universal soul. “If
we can abstract from the variety of opinion”, says Dr. Radhakrishnan,
“and observe the general spirit of Indian thought, we shall find that it
has a disposition to interpret life and nature in the way of monistic idealism,
though this tendency is so plastic, living and manifold that it takes many
forms and expresses itself in even mutually hostile teachings”. (…)

The development of
Hindu religion and philosophy shows that from time to time saints and religious
reformers attempted to remove from the Hindu thought and practices elements of
corruption and superstition and that led to the formation of different sects.
Buddha started Buddhism; Mahavir founded Jainism: Basava became the founder of
Lingayat religion; Jnaneshwar and Tukaram initiated the Varakari cult: Guru
Nanak inspired Sikhism: Dayananda founded Arya Samaj: and Chaitanya began
Bhakti cult; and as a result of the teachings of Ramakrishna and Vivekananda,
Hindu religion flowered into its most attractive, progressive and dynamic form.
If we study the teachings of these saints and religious reformers, we would
notice an amount of divergence in their respective views. but underneath that
divergence, there is a kind of subtle indescribable unity which keeps them
within the sweep of the broad and progressive Hindu religion.

The Constitution-makers
were fully conscious of this broad and comprehensive character of Hindu
religion: and so, while guaranteeing the fundamental right to freedom of
religion, explanation II to Art. 25 has made it clear that in sub-clause (b) of
clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference
to persons professing the Sikh, Jam or Buddhist religion, and the reference to
Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.”

(from pages 259-266)

 

In a later
Constitution Bench decision in Commr. of Wealth Tax. Madras & Ors. Vs. Late
R. Sridharan by L. Rs. (1976) Supp. SCR478, the meaning of the term Hinduism as
commonly understood is stated thus:

“…It is a
matter of common knowledge that Hinduism embraces within self so many diverse
forms of beliefs. faiths. practices and worship that it is difficult to define
the term Hindu with precision.

The Historical and
etymological genesis of the word Hindu has been succinctly explained by
Gajendragadkar, C.J. in Shastri Yajnapurushdasji & Ors. Vs. Muldas
Bhudardas Vaishya & Anr. (A.I.R. 1966 S.C. 1119).

In Unabridged Edition
of Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, the
term Hinduism has been defined as meaning “a complex body of social,
cultural and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and mostly confined to
the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to
view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, a belief
in ahimsa, karma, dharma, sansara and moksha, and the practice of the way of
works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as the means of release
from the bound of rebirths, the way of life and form of thought of a
Hindu”.

In Encyclopedia
Britannica (15th edition), the term Hinduism has been defined as meaning
“the civilization of Hindus (originally, the inhabitants of the land of
the Indus River ). It properly denotes the Indian civilization of approximately
the last 2,000 years, which gradually evolved from Vedism, the religion of the
ancient Indo-Europeans who settled in India in the last centuries of the 2nd
millennium B.C. Because it integrates a large variety of heterogeneous
elements. Hinduism constitutes a very complex but largely continuous whole and
since it covers the whole of life, it has religious social, economic, literary,
and artistic aspects. As a religion, Hinduism is an utterly diverse
conglomerate of doctrines, cults, and way of life… In Principle, Hinduism
incorporates all forms of belief and worship without necessitating the
selection or elimination of any. The Hindu is inclined to revere the divine in
ever manifestation. whatever it may be, and is doctrinally tolerant. leaving
others including both Hindus and non-Hindus – whatever creed and
worship-practices suit them best. A Hindu may embrace a non-Hindu religion
without ceasing to be a Hindu. and since the Hindu is disposed to think
synthetically and to regard other forms of worship, strange gods and divergent
doctrines as inadequate rather than wrong or objectionable, he tends to believe
that the highest divine powers complement each other for the well-being of the
world and mankind. Few religious ideas are considered to be finally
irreconcilable. The core of religion does not even depend on the existence or
nonexistence of God or on whether there is one god or many. Since religious
truth is said to transcend all verbal definition, it is not conceived in
dogmatic terms. Hinduism is, then, both a civilization and a conglomerate of
religions, with neither a beginning, a founder, nor a cult of authority,
hierarchy, or organization. Every attempt at a specific definition of Hinduism
has proved unsatisfactory in one way or another, the more so because the finest
Indian scholars of Hinduism,including Hindus themselves, have emphasized
different aspects of that religion.”

In his celebrated
treatise Gitarahasya, B.G. Tilak has given the following broad description of
the Hindu religion:

“Acceptance of
the Vedas with reverence: recognition of the fact that the means or ways of
salvation are diverse; and realisation of the truth that the number of gods to
be worshipped is large, that indeed is the distinguishing feature of Hindu
religion”.

In Bhagwan Koer
Vs.J.C. Bose & Ors., (1 904 ILR 31 Cal. 11), it was held that Hindu
religion is marvelously catholic and elastic. Its theology is marked by
eclecticism and tolerance and almost unlimited freedom of private worship….

This being the scope
and nature of the religion,it is not strange that it holds within its fold men
of divergent views and traditions which have very little in common except vague
faith in what may be called the fundamentals of the Hindu religion.”

(at pages 481-482)

These Constitution
Bench decisions, after a detailed discussion, indicate that no precise meaning
can be ascribed to the terms Hindu, Hindutva and Hinduism; and no meaning in
the abstract can confine it to the narrow limits of religion alone, excluding
the content of Indian culture and heritage. It is also indicated that the term
Hindutva is related more to the way of life of the people in the subcontinent.
It is difficult to appreciate how in the face of these decisions,the term
Hindutva or Hinduism per se, in the abstract, can be assumed to mean and be
equated with narrow fundamentalist Hindu religious bigotry, or be construed to
fall within the prohibition in sub-section (3) and/or (3A) of Section 123 of
the R.P. Act.

Bharucha, J. in Dr.
M. Ismail Faruqui and Ors. etc. Vs. Union of India & Ors. etc., 1994 (6)
SCC 360 (Ayodhya case), in the separate opinion for himself and Ahmadi. J. (as
he then was), observed as under:

“…Hinduism is
a tolerant faith. It is that tolerance that has enabled Islam, Christianity,
Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism to find shelter and
support upon this land,..”

(at page 442)

Ordinarily, Hindutva
is understood as a way of life or a state of mind and it is not to be equated
with. or understood as religious Hindu fundamentalism. In Indian Muslims-The
Need For A Positive Outlook by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, (1994), it is said:

“The strategy
worked out to solve the minorities problem was, although differently worded.
that of Hindutva or Indianisation. This strategy, briefly stated, aims at
developing a uniform culture by obliterating the differences between all of the
cultures coexisting in the country. This was felt to be the way to communal
harmony and national unity. It was thought that this would put an end once and
for all to the minorities problem.”

(at page 19)

The above opinion
indicates that the word Hindutva is used and understood as a synonym of
Indianisation, i.e., development of uniform culture by obliterating the
differences between all the cultures co-existing in the country.

In Kultar Singh vs.
Mukhtiar Singh, 1964 (7) SCR 790. the Constitution Bench construed the meaning
of subsection (3) of Section 123 prior to its amendment. The question there was
whether a poster contained an appeal to voters to vote for the candidate on the
ground of his religion, and the meaning of the word Panth in the poster was significant
for the purpose. It was held as under:

“It is true that
a corrupt practice under S. 123 (3) can be committed by a candidate by
appealing to the voters to vote for him on the ground of his religion even
though his rival candidate may belong to the same religion. If, for instance, a
Sikh candidate were to appeal to) the voters to vote for him, because he was a
Sikh and add that his rival candidate, though a Sikh in name, was not true to
the religious tenets of Sikhism or was a heretic and, as such, outside the pale
of the Sikh religion, that would amount to a corrupt practice under S. 123(3),
and so, we cannot uphold the contention that S. 123(3) is inapplicable because
both the appellant and the respondent are Sikhs….

The corrupt practice
as prescribed by S. 123(3) undoubtedly constitutes a very healthy and salutary
provision which is intended to serve the cause of secular democracy in this
country. In order that the democratic process should thrive and succeed, it is
of utmost importance that our elections to Parliament and the different legislative
bodies must be free from the unhealthy influence of appeals to religion, race,
caste, community, or language. If these considerations are allowed any sway in
election campaigns, they would vitiate the secular atmosphere of democratic
life, and so, S. 123(3) wisely provides a check on this undesirable development
by providing that an appeal to any of these factors made in furtherance of the
candidature of any candidate as therein prescribed would constitute a corrupt
practice and would render the election of the said candidate void.

In considering the
question as to whether the distribution of the impugned poster by the appellant
constitutes corrupt practice under S. 123(3), there is one point which has to
be borne in mind. The appellant has been adopted as its candidate by the Akali
Dal Party. This Party is recognised as a political party by the Election
Commission not with standing the fact that all of its members are only Sikhs.
It is well-known that there are several parties in this country which subscribe
to different political and economic ideologies but the membership of them is
either confined to or predominantly held by members of particular communities
or religions. So long as law does not prohibit the formation of such parties
and in fact recognises them for the purpose of election and parliamentary life,
it would be necessary to remember that an appeal made by candidates of such
parties for votes may, if successful, lead to their election and in ail
indirect way, may conceivably be influenced by considerations of religion,
race, caste, community or language. This infirmity cannot perhaps be avoided so
long as parties are allowed to function and are recognised though their
composition may be predominantly based on membership of particular communities
or religion. That is why we think, in considering the question as to whether a
particular appeal made by a candidate falls within the mischief of S. 123(3),
courts should not be astute to read into the words used in the appeal anything
more than can be attributed to them on its fair and reasonable construction.

That takes us to the
question of construing the impugned poster. The principles which have to be
applied in construing such a document are well-settled. The document must be
read as a whole and its purport and effect determined in a fair objective and
reasonable manner. In reading such documents it would be unrealistic to ignore
the fact that when election meetings are held and appeals are made by
candidates of opposing political parties the atmosphere is usually surcharged
with partisan feelings and emotions and the use of hyperboles or exaggerated
language or the adoption of metaphors and the extravagance of expression in
attacking one another are all a part of the game and so, when the question about
the effect of speeches delivered or pamphlets distributed at election meetings
is argued in the cold atmosphere of a judicial chamber, some allowance must be
made and the impugned speeches or pamphlets must be construed in that light. In
doing so, however, it would be unreasonable to ignore the question as to what
the effect of the said speech or pamphlet would be on the mind of the ordinary
voter who attends such meetings and reads the pamphlets or hears the speeches.
It is in the light of these well established principles that we must now turn
to the impugned pamphlet.”

(at pages 793-795)

The test applied in
the decision was to construe the meaning of the word Panth not in the abstract
but in the context of its use. The conclusion reached was that the word Panth
used in the poster did not mean Sikh religion and, therefore, the appeal to the
voters was not to vote for the candidate because of his religion. Referring to
an earlier decision in Jagdev Singh Sidhanti Vs. Pratap Singh Daulta and Ors.,
1964 (6) SCR 750, it was reiterated as under:

“…Political
issues which form the subject-matter of controversies at election meetings may
indirectly and incidentally introduce considerations of language or religion,
but in deciding the question as to whether corrupt practice has been committed
under S. 123(3), care must be taken to consider the impugned speech or appeal
carefully and always in the light of the relevant political controversy……

(at page 799)

Thus, it cannot be
doubted, particularly in view of the Constitution Bench decisions of this Court
that the words Hinduism or Hindutva are not necessarily to be understood and
construed narrowly,confined only to the strict Hindu religious practices
unrelated to the culture and ethos of the people of India . depicting the way
of life of the Indian people. Unless the context of a speech indicates a
contrary meaning or use, in the abstract these terms are indicative more of a
way of life of the Indian people and are not confined merely to describe
persons practising the Hindu religion as a faith.

Considering the terms
Hinduism or Hindutva per se as depicting hostility, enmity or intolerance
towards other religious faiths or professing communalism, proceeds from an
improper appreciation and perception of the true meaning of these expressions
emerging from detailed discussion in earlier authorities of this Court. Misuse
of these expressions to promote communalism cannot alter the true meaning of
these terms. The mischief resulting from the misuse of the terms by anyone in
his speech has to be checked and not its permissible use. It is indeed very
unfortunate, if in spite of the liberal and tolerant features of Hinduism
recognised in judicial decisions, these terms are misused by anyone during the
elections to gain any unfair political advantage. Fundamentalism of any colour
or kind must be curbed with a heavy hand to preserve and promote the secular
creed of the nation. Any misuse of these terms must, therefore, be dealt with
strictly.

It is. therefore. a
fallacy and an error of law to proceed on the assumption that any reference to
Hindutva or Hinduism in a speech makes it automatically a speech based on the
Hindu religion as opposed to the other religions or that the use of words
Hindutva or Hinduism per se depicts an attitude hostile to all persons
practising any religion other than the Hindu religion. It is the kind of use
made of these words and the meaning sought to be conveyed in the speech which
has to be seen and unless such a construction leads to the conclusion that
these words were used to appeal for votes for a Hindu candidate on the ground
that he is a Hindu or not to vote for a candidate because he is not a Hindu,
the mere fact that these words are used in the speech would not bring it within
the prohibition of sub-section (3) or (3A) of Section 123. It may well be that
these words are used in a speech to promote secularism or to emphasise the way
of life of the Indian people and the Indian culture or ethos, or to criticise
the policy of any political party as discriminatory or intolerant. The
parliamentary debates, including the clarifications made by the Law Minister
quoted earlier, also bring out this difference between the prohibited and
permissible speech in this context. Whether a particular speech in which
reference is made to Hindutva and/or Hinduism falls within the prohibition
under sub-section (3) or (3A) of Section 123 is, therefore, a question of fact
in each case.

This is the correct
premise in our view on which all such matters are to be examined. The fallacy
is in the assumption that a speech in which reference is made to Hindutva or
Hinduism must be a speech on the ground of Hindu religion so that if the
candidate for whom the speech is made happens to be a Hindu, it must
necessarily amount to a corrupt practice under sub-section (3) or sub-section
(3A) of Section 123 of the R.P. Act. As indicated, there is no such presumption
permissible in law contrary to the several Constitution Bench decisions
referred herein.

 

(J.S. VERMA) J.

(N.P. SINGH) J.

(K. VENKATASWAMI) J.

 

NEW DELHI

December 11, 1995

 

…………….contd

You may visit us at:

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https://twitter.com/newsanalysisind

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Recent most viewedul:

Read Book by clicking here: Silent
Assassins of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jan 11-1966

AAP’s Yogendra Yadav Political Guru of
Rahul Gandhi: Maoists invade Congress

Ford Foundation of o a Italian village:
Donation to Kejriwal who never utter against Sonia?

SUPREME COURT ON HINDU HINDUTVA AND
HINDUISM

????????????????????????? : Read 27 Poems of Atal Bihari Vajpayee:Ji

www.shoppingkendra.com/