Battle of Maps: Nehru vs. Lal Bahadur Shastri

November 27, 2012 0 By rajesh

Battle of maps is going on between China and India. 

Why India faced defeat in 1962 and why India won war of 1965. This is fully explained

Battle of maps is going on between China and India. This is fully explained in Chapter 16 on Pages 363 and 364 of my book: Silent Assassins, Jan 11, 1966.The book is freely accessible and loaded at:


Nehru’s legacy

1.  Because of the Nehru tilt towards Soviet Union, India was alienated from the United States. Indian actions became suspect

2. Nehru alienated India’s immediate neighbors. He forgot the importance of geopolitics. He gave attention to globalism to forget South Asian Regionalism.

3. Nehru’s policy resulted in defense unpreparedness. It was after 1962 that the Department of Defense Production was setup within the defense ministry.

4. He left India internally weak and externally exposed.


Shastri -Period

While Soviet Russia was best public friend of India, Kremlin was also Pakistan’s best secret friend in times of crisis.

Shastri’s brief period produced military and diplomatic developments which not only shaped South Asian power relations but also formed the background of Indira’s security thinking and security policy.


The main security event in sub-continent during this period was Indo-Pak war in 1965. 

Shastri’s conduct of at the time of Indo-Pak war in 1965 campaign revealed a complete change in the approach of the new Indian leadership to Pakistan, and in the Indian military strategy. 


Shastri authorized the Indian army to take Lahore, if it could, and to achieve this aim, he authorized the Indian military forces to cross the international boundary, between India and Pakistan, and not to restrict military operations to the line of actual control in Jammu and Kashmir.


He demonstrated Indian Political will and thereby invalidated all major Pakistani assumptions in this crisis.  The Pakistani armor became bogged down in the flooded and open Punjab flatlands and it also became clear, in course of military operations, that Pakistani military personnel lacked the training and skill to operate sophisticated military armament. These facts are well known.


Less known perhaps more significant for our study in that Moscow intervened diplomatically against Shastri to make Pakistan by its Tashkent mediation diplomacy. Contrary to the public relations postures which both India and Soviet Russia, promote the policy of the USSR was to pull Pakistan from likely disintegration, as was possible in 1965, and Soviet conduct in this crisis reveals its hands. In other words, Soviet Russia, like Britain earlier, was pursuing a policy of Indo Pakistan balance of power in the Indian sub-continent. In this region, as in the Middle East, Moscow benefits from a level of instability between India and Pakistan.


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